Semantics is a branch regarding linguistics and this studies throughout the meaning during the language. Eventually, semantics concerns the study away from definition. You will find relatives certainly a word and the most other words during the semantics. It’s entitled meaning family. Generally, the principle away from meaning family include five major areas, such synonymy, antonymy, polisemy, and you can hyponymy. Synonymy questions new sameness out of definition, if you find yourself antonymy questions the fresh new oppositeness off meaning. The main focus here’s with the antonymy with a sense of relation, along with synonymy. Experience is the concept of keyword, especially the abstract meaning in which it certainly is derived from concept of the newest lexical things that come into dictionaries.
In this case, there is no for example sheer criteria and then make a standard away from one thing to say as to what amount they ought to be place
Antonymy are oppositeness out of definition between a phrase while the almost every other phrase otherwise one of terms and conditions in identical element of speech, such good-bad (adjective-adjective) and you can prompt-slow (adverb-adverb). Centered on Lyons () who states one antonymy talks about new family members ranging from lexical points whose meanings substitute resistance together and it is have a tendency to understood to be the opposite regarding synonymy. There’s two items that will be discuss here ; three kinds of antonymy and disease inside the identifying the sort of antonymy.
- Gradable Antonymy
You’ll find three services regarding gradable antonymy
This form relates to something that might be mentioned and you can compared to something else. Such as, if the a truck can also be run 260 kilometres/hours and also the other you can work at two hundred kilometres/time, the initial vehicle is quick in addition to other a person is slow. (more…)